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History

Human presence in Milos is dated to the Neolithic period (7000 B.C.), since in the places Nyhia and Demenegaki,quarries of the Neolithic residents of the island have been located . In the Copper period (2800-1100 B.C.), Milos was an important centre of Cycladic culture, with Fylakopi as its capital, which gave her name to an entire archaeological period.

After the descend of Greek tribes, Dorians installed themselves in Milos around 1000 B.C. The same period in the region of current Klima a new city was built by the locals.

Despite that we do not know many about Milos before the 5th century B.C., it is known that residents did resist the Persians, fighting on the side of the rests of the Greeks in the naval battle of Salamina and the battle of Plataies. Milos was destroyed in 415 B.C. from the Athenians, when residents tried to maintain their neutrality in the Peloponnisian war.

In the later centuries Milos follows the fate of the rest of the Cyclades. Up to 311 B.C. it belongs to Macedonia and then to Egypt. Freedom and safety of seas, thanks to the powerful fleet of the Ptolemy’s, gave the occasion for a new economic growth for the island, a thing that also contributed  to the blossoming of arts. The famous statue of Venus (museum of Luvre) and imposing Neptune, height of 2,50 m. (Archaeological Museum of Athens) constitute representative samples of this new era.

In the Roman period, Milos is also adorned with a marble theatre. Christianity is introduced to the island from the 1st century. Irrefutable witnesses are the Catacombs, the largest in the Hellenic world and among the most appreciable in world level. In the Byzantine years comes the destruction of the ancient city of Klima (5th-6th century), probably from earthquakes.

Finally, during Venetian domination as well as Turkish and German occupations, the struggle of  locals for their freedom was permanent and intense.
mhlos map