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History

Homer call it Syrii and the most ancient traces of habitation come from the end of the Neolithic period, between 4000 and 3000 B.C. At the period of blossoming of the Cycladic culture (3200-2000 B.C.) the eminent culture of Syros-Keros (Chalandriani, Kastri, route 6) was developed. The newer historical course of Syros was signalled in 1207, with its occupation by the Venetians and the foundation of a medieval city (route 1). During Ottoman domination, it had exceptional privileges and at the Revolution of 1821 it was under French protection, constituting thus a safe shelter for the persecuted fighters, so that it met an astonishing commercial and cultural growth until the beginning of the 20th century.
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