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Amorgos was first inhabited in the 5th millennium B.C. and was an important centre of the Cycladic and Mycenaean culture with the ancient cities Aigiali, Minoa and Arkesini as centres. The island took part in the Persian wars, by participating in the naval battle of Salamina. In the Roman period it was a place of exile while in the Middle ages the raids of the Saracen pirates forced residents to seek refuge in the fortified castle of Hora and in Kastri of Kato Meria.

In the Byzantine period, and according to the prevailing version, the monastery of Virgin Mary of Chozoviotissa was founded in 1088 by the emperor Alexios Komninos. It constitutes the most important monument of the island. After the Ottoman domination, in 1829, the first Greek school was founded in Amorgos, with expenses of the Holy monastery of Chozoviotissa.

Amorgos participated in the Greek Revolution in 1821 and in 1822 became a province of the New Greek state.
amorgos map