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According to tradition, the name of the island comes from “Andros” the grandson of Apollo and first settler of the island.Organised presence of people on the island is dated in the 4th millennium B.C.Discoveries of the Strofila plateau, in the centre of the island, where the largest preserved Neolithic settlement of the Aegean is found, testify to that. The oldest stone drawings in Greece, that portray boats, animals and linear forms were found recently in this settlement. The island marked particular growth in the Geometric period, with Zagora as its centre, while in the Hellenistic period it was an important naval and intellectual force with Palaiopoli as its capital. The next important point in the history of the island was the Byzantine period at the duration of which Andros was a big production and export centre of silk textiles.

Andros played an active role in the revolution of 1821. After creation of the New Greek state it marked a substantial growth in the shipping sector. In the beginning of the 20th century ship owners from Andros, founded the “National Steamboats” company, while the first Greek Ocean liner was registered in Andros in 1907. Today the island has approximately 10.000 residents.
Andros Map